The Tiraxi Nature Reserve
Tiraxi is located between 1,500 and 2,800 meters above sea level, it is an area of yungueños landscapes a few minutes from the capital of Jujuy.
This place is considered a “natural monument” for its wooded maze of open hills and streams, streams, slopes and mountain rivers.
It is a more humid environment than the Quebrada and the Puna and is characterized by a very rugged topography where the rivers run deeply encased.
The Tiraxi Natural Reserve has 1,200 hectares covered with Yungas, the same for its altitudinal variation has an enormous biodiversity both in its flora (Alisos del cerro, Pinos del Cerro, Saucos, Arrayanes) and Fauna such as corzuelas, pumas, Melero Bear , among others and also a great diversity of birds.
Las Yungas – Description of the environment
In Argentina, the Yungas, also known as Subtropical Mountain Forests, occupy a current area of 5.2 million hectares, extending from the border with Bolivia to the north of the province of Catamarca, passing through Salta, Jujuy and Tucumán. The Yungas are characterized by a strong altitudinal gradient, with species adapted to the most diverse environmental conditions (drought and high temperatures in the lower parts and in the highest areas high levels of humidity, frost and winter snowfall). In response to environmental conditions, the vegetation of the Yungas is organized into vegetation floors or strips of characteristics that are very differentiable from each other. There is also a latitudinal gradient (from north to south) of biological diversity caused mainly by the discontinuity of forest masses. These, in turn, are the product of the irregular distribution of mountain ranges on which they develop. In this sense, three latitudinal geographical sectors (North, Central and South) are recognized that contact each other through the mountain forests of Chaco in the intermediate areas. The North and Central sectors, also known as Alto Bermejo (where the Yungas Biosphere Reserve is located), have the highest biodiversity values and the largest continuous area of Yungas in Argentina.
The Tiraxi Nature Reserve is located on the third altitude floor of the Yungas, it is known as Cloud Forests and these are characterized by the great biological diversity they host, as well as by regulating the important water flows of the rivers that cross them. In addition, they have shared a history of use and supply of resources uninterruptedly with humanity, for at least the last ten thousand years. At present, these forests are considered as one of the most fragile natural systems to human intervention and their preservation is an international priority. Among the protected areas present in these forests, the Biosphere Reserves created with the purpose of conserving natural resources and linking these forests with man stand out.